44. Roberts TJ, Eng CM, Sleboda DA, Holt NC, Brainerd EL, Stover KK, Marsh RL, Azizi E 2019.  The multi-scale three-dimensional nature of muscle contraction. Phyioslogy. DOI: 10.1152/physiol.00023.2019. link

43. Reynaga CM, Eaton CE, Strong GA*, Azizi E 2019. Compliant substrates disrupt elastic energy storage in jumping tree frogs. Integrative and Comparative Biology. DOI: 10.1093/icb/icz069. link

42.  Sutton GP, Mendoza E, Azizi E, Longo SJ, Olberding JP, Ilton M, Patek SN 2019. Why do Large Animals Never Actuate Their Jumps with Latch-Mediated Springs? Because They can Jump Higher Without Them.  Integrative and Comparative Biology. DOI: 10.1093/icb/icz145. link

41. Olberding JP, Deban SM, Rosario MV, Azizi E 2019. Modeling the Determinants of Mechanical Advantage During Jumping: Consequences for Spring- and Muscle-Driven Movement. Integrative and Comparative Biology. DOI: 10.1093/icb/icz139. link

40. Schulz JR, Jan I*, Sangha G*, Azizi E 2019. Moving at a Snail’s Pace: The high speed radular prey strike of a fish-hunting cone snail. Current Biology. DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2019.07.034. link

39. SJ Longo, SM Cox, E Azizi, M Ilton, JP Olberding, R St Pierre, SN Patek 2019. Beyond power amplification: latch-mediated spring actuation is an emerging framework for the study of diverse elastic systems.  Journal of Experimental Biology. DOI: 10.1242/jeb.197889. link

38. Reynaga CM, Astley HC, Azizi E 2018. Morphological and kinematic specializations of walking frogs. Journal of Experimental Zoology A: Ecological and Integrative Phsyiology. DOI: 10.1002/jez.2182. link

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37. Ilton M, Bhamla S, Ma X, Cox SM, Fitchett LL, Kim Y, Koh J, Krishnamurthy D,  Kuo C, Temel FZ, Crosby AJ, Prakash M, Sutton GP, Wood RJ, Azizi E, Bergbreiter S,  Patek SN 2018.  The principles of cascading power limits in small, fast biological and engineered systems. Science. 360, 6387. link

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36. Balaban JP, Azizi E 2017. Lowering metabolic rate mitigates muscle atrophy in western fence lizards. Journal of Experimental Biology. 220:2748-2756. link

35. Azizi E, Deslauriers AR, Holt NC, Eaton CE 2017. Resistance to radial expansion limits muscle strain and work. Biomech. Model. Mechanobiol. doi: 10.1007/s10237-017-0909-3. link

34. Danos N, Holt NC, Sawicki GS, Azizi E 2016. Modeling age-related changes in muscle tendon dynamics during cyclical contractions in the rat gastrocnemius muscle. Journal of Applied Physiology. doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00396.2016. pdf

33. Arellano CJ, Gidmark NJ, Konow N, Azizi E, & Roberts TJ 2016.Determinants of aponeurosis shape change during muscle contraction. Journal of Biomechanics. 49 (9) 1812-1817. pdf

32. Holt NC, Danos N, Roberts TJ & Azizi E 2016. Stuck in gear: age related loss of variable gearing in skeletal muscle. Journal of Experimental Biology. 219: 998-1003. pdf

31. Holt NC, & Azizi E 2016. The effect of activation level on muscle function during locomotion: are optimal lengths and velocities always used? Proceedings of Royal Society B doi:10.1098/rspb.2015.2832. pdf

30. Sawicki GS, Robertson BD, Azizi E, & Roberts TJ 2015. Timing matters: tuning the mechanics of a muscle-tendon unit by adjusting stimulation phase during cyclic contractions.

Journal of Experimental Biology. doi: 10.1242/ jeb.121673. pdf

29. Danos N & Azizi E 2015. Passive stiffness of hindlimb muscles in anurans with distinct locomotor specializations. Zoology. 118(4): 239-247. pdf

28. Azizi E, *Larson NP, Abbott EM & Danos 2014. Reduce torques and stick the landing: limb posture during landing in toads. Journal of Experimental Biology. doi: 10.1242/jeb.108506. pdf

27. Holt NC & Azizi E 2014. What drives activation-dependent shifts in the force-length curve? Biology Letters. doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2014.0651. pdf

26. Azizi E & Deslauriers AR 2014. Regional heterogeneity in muscle fiber strain: the role of fiber architecture. Frontiers in Physiology. doi: 10.3389/fphys.2014.00303. pdf

25. Gillis GB, Ekstrom L, & Azizi E 2014. Biomechanics and control of landing in toads. Integrative and Comparative Biology. doi:10.1093/icb/icu053. pdf

24. Azizi E 2014. Locomotor function shapes the passive mechanical properties and operating lengths of muscle. Proceedings of Royal Society B. 281: 1783. pdf

23. Azizi E & Roberts TJ 2014. Geared up to stretch: pennate muscle behavior during active lengthening. J.  Experimental Biology. 217: 376-381. pdf

22. Astley HC, Abbott EM, Azizi E, Marsh RL, & Roberts TJ 2013. Chasing maximal performance: a cautionary tale from the celebrated jumping frogs of Calaveras County. J.  Experimental Biology. 216: 3947-3953. pdf

21. Azizi E & Roberts TJ 2013. Variable gearing in a biologically-inspired pneumatic actuator array. Bioinspiration and Biomimetics. 8: doi:10.1088/1748-3182/8/2/026002. pdf

20. Azizi E & Abbott EM 2013. Anticipatory motor patterns limit muscle stretch during landing in toads. Biology Letters. 9:  doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2012.1045. pdf

19. Konow N, Azizi E, & Roberts TJ 2012. Muscle power attenuation by tendon during energy dissipation. Proceedings of Royal Society B. 279: 1108-1113. pdf

18. Roberts TJ, Abbott EM, & Azizi E 2011. The weak link: Do muscle properties determine locomotor performance in frogs. Philos.Trans. of Royal Society B. 366: 1488-1495. pdf

17. Roberts TJ, & Azizi E 2011. Flexible mechanisms: The diverse roles of biological springs in vertebrate movement. J. Experimental Biology. 214: 353-361. pdf

16. Roberts TJ, & Azizi E 2010. The series elastic shock absorber: Tendons attenuate muscle power during energy absorbing actions. J. Applied Physiology. 109: 396-404. pdf

15. Azizi E, & Roberts TJ 2010. Muscle performance during frog jumping: influence of elasticity on muscle operating lengths. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 277: 1523-1530. pdf

14. Landberg T & Azizi E 2010. Ontogeny of escape swimming performance in the spotted salamander. Functional Ecology. 24(3): 576-587. pdf

13. Azizi E, & Roberts TJ 2009. Biaxial strain and variable stiffness in aponeuroses. J. Physiology-London. 587: 4309-4318. pdf

12. Azizi E, & Roberts TJ 2009. Sheet-like tendons are stiffened by bulging muscles. Physiology News. 77: 28-29. pdf

11. Azizi E, *Halenda GM, & Roberts TJ 2009. Mechanical properties of the gastrocnemius aponeurosis in wild turkeys. Integrative and Comparative Biology. 49: 51-58. pdf

10. Azizi E, Brainerd EL, & Roberts TJ 2008. Variable gearing in pennate muscles. Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences. 105: 1745-1750. pdf

9. Dean MN, Azizi E, & Summers AP 2007. Uniform strain in broad muscles: Active and passive effects of the twisted tendon of the ratfish, Hydrolagus colliei. J. Experimental Biology. 210: 3395-3406. pdf

8. Azizi E, & Brainerd EL 2007. Architectural gear ratio and strain homogeneity in segmented musculature. J. Experimental Zoology A: Ecological Genetics and Physiology. 307 A: 145-155. (Cover illustration)  pdf

7. Azizi E, Landberg T, and Wassersug, RJ 2007. Vertebral function during tadpole locomotion. Zoology.110: 290-297.pdf

6. Brainerd EL, & Azizi E 2005. Muscle fiber angle, segment bulging and gear ratio in segmented musculature. J. Experimental Biology. 208: 3249-3261. pdf

5. Ward AD, & Azizi E 2004. Convergent evolution of the head retraction startle response in elongate fishes and amphibians. Zoology. 107: 205-217. pdf

4. Azizi E, & *Horton JM 2004. Patterns of axial and appendicular movements during aquatic walking in the salamander, Siren lacertina. Zoology. 107: 111-120. pdf

3. McHenry MJ, Azizi E, & *Strother JA 2003. The hydrodynamics of locomotion at intermediate Reynolds Numbers: Undulatory swimming in ascidian larvae (Botrylloides sp.). J. Experimental Biology. 206: 327-343. pdf

2. Azizi E, Gillis GB, & Brainerd EL 2002. Morphology and mechanics of myosepta in a swimming salamander, Siren lacertina. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A Molecular and Integrative Physiology. 133: 967-978. pdf

1. Azizi E, & *Landberg T 2002. Effects of metamorphosis on the escape response of the two-lined salamander Eurycea bislineata. J. Experimental Biology. 205: 841-849. pdf